The Pacific white sided dolphin was once hunted in the United States, but this practice has since been banned. However, it is legal in Japan and there is talk of starting an annual dolphin hunt off the coast. Although bycatch in high-seas drift gillnet fisheries was banned in 1993, the dolphins are still caught up in nets. With the potential for these dolphins to be hunted by the Japanese and evidence of low population substructures at the southern ends of the species’ range, the threat and status of these dolphins may have to be reexamined. Currently the Pacific white sided dolphin is ‘at least risk’.